How to do a Barbell Front Squats: Form, Variations, and Mistakes

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    Barbell front squats are a compound exercise that targets the lower body, particularly the quadriceps, glutes, and core muscles. This challenging movement places the barbell in front of the body, requiring a slightly different technique compared to traditional back squats. In this article, we will delve into the proper form for barbell front squats, explore variations to spice up your training and highlight common mistakes to avoid. Whether you are a beginner or an experienced lifter, mastering the barbell front squats will enhance your strength, stability, and overall fitness level.

    Proper Form

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    1. Set up the bar:

    Position the barbell on a squat rack at about collarbone height. Step underneath the bar, ensuring it rests on the front of your shoulders, just below the collarbone. Grip the bar with your hands slightly wider than shoulder-width apart, keeping your elbows high and parallel to the ground.

    2. Rack the bar:

    Lift the bar off the rack by extending your legs, and maintaining an upright torso. Take a step back, keeping your feet shoulder-width apart, toes pointing slightly outward.

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    3. Maintain a stable core:

    Engage your core muscles by bracing your abs and keeping your chest lifted. This will help you maintain an upright posture throughout the exercise.

    4. Initiate the squat:

    Begin the descent by pushing your hips back and bending your knees. Imagine sitting back in an imaginary chair. Ensure your knees track over your toes and avoid letting them cave inward.

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    5. Reach proper depth:

    Lower yourself until your thighs are parallel to the ground or slightly below. It is crucial to maintain good form and avoid excessive rounding or arching of the lower back.

    6. Drive through your heels:

    Push through your heels to initiate the ascent, focusing on driving your hips forward. Maintain an upright torso as you return to the starting position, fully extending your hips and knees.


    1. Goblet Front Squats:

    Holding a dumbbell or kettlebell in front of your chest, perform squats using the same technique as barbell front squats. Goblet squats are an excellent variation for beginners to develop proper form before progressing to barbell front squats.

    2. Zercher Front Squats:

    Place the barbell in the crooks of your elbows, with your hands gripping the bar for stability. This variation places more emphasis on the upper back and core muscles.

    3. Cross-Arm Front Squats:

    Instead of keeping your elbows high and parallel to the ground, cross your arms over the bar, resting it on your front deltoids. This variation may be more comfortable for individuals with limited wrist mobility.

    4. Pause Front Squats:

    Incorporate a pause at the bottom of the squat, holding the position for a few seconds before ascending. This variation enhances strength and stability by eliminating the stretch reflex.

    Common Mistakes

    1. Incorrect bar placement:

    Placing the bar too far forward or on top of the shoulders can lead to excessive stress on the wrists and elbows. Ensure the bar rests comfortably on the front delts, just below the collarbone.

    2. Rounded back:

    Maintaining a rounded back during front squats can compromise spinal integrity and increase the risk of injury. Focus on keeping your chest lifted and your back straight throughout the movement.

    3. Knee collapse:

    Allowing your knees to cave inward puts unnecessary stress on the joints and can lead to imbalances. Keep your knees in line with your toes throughout the squat, maintaining proper alignment.

    4. Insufficient depth:

    Failing to reach the proper depth in the squat limits the activation of muscles and diminishes the exercise’s effectiveness. Aim for thighs parallel to the ground or slightly below while maintaining good form.

    5. Poor breathing technique:

    Neglecting proper breathing can affect stability and performance. Take a deep breath at the top of the squat, brace your core, and exhale on the way up to maintain stability and support your spine.


    Barbell front squats are a powerful exercise for developing lower body strength, stability, and mobility. By mastering the proper form, exploring variations, and avoiding common mistakes, you can reap the full benefits of this movement. Remember to start with lighter weights and gradually increase as your technique improves. Incorporate front squats into your training routine to enhance athletic performance, build functional strength, and improve your overall physique.

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