Tobacco use impairs practically every vital organ and system of the body, resulting in significant illness and premature mortality. Tobacco use, in any form, can cause cancer in a variety of organs and places throughout the body, including the mouth, throat, larynx (voice box), brain, oesophagus, lungs, gall bladder, kidney, and breast.
Tobacco also causes a variety of other ailments, including heart disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, stroke, blindness, tooth and gum disease, and others. Tobacco use is directly responsible for over 45 per cent of all cancers in males and 17 per cent of cancers in females in India, as well as more than 80 percent of oral cancers.
You could think of lung cancer if you were asked to define the association between tobacco and cancer. Tobacco usage (including cigarettes and cigars) is responsible for nearly nine out of every ten occurrences of lung cancer. On the other hand, it may cause cancer practically everywhere in your body, including —
- The Blood (Acute Myeloid Leukaemia)
- The Colon and The Rectum
- The Kidney and The Renal Pelvis
- The Lungs, Bronchi, and Trachea
- The Mouth and Throat
- The Voice Box (Larynx)
Fumes from cigarettes, cigars, and pipes contains at least 70 compounds that are carcinogenic. When you breathe in that smoke, the toxins enter your bloodstream, where they go to all regions of your body. Many of these chemicals can harm your DNA, which governs how your body creates new cells and guides each kind of cell to accomplish what it was designed to do. Damaged DNA can cause cells to proliferate in ways that are not expected. These atypical cells have the potential to develop into cancer.
Second Hand Smoke
Smokers are not the only ones who can acquire cancer from tobacco smoke. People near them—their children, lovers, friends, coworkers, and others—breathe in that secondhand smoke as well.
Products That Aren’t Smoked
Tobacco products that are not smoked, such as dipping and chewing tobacco, can also cause cancer, including malignancies of the oesophagus, mouth and throat, and pancreas.
Cigarettes With Electronic Components
Electronic cigarettes produce a mist (also known as a cloud) by heating a liquid containing flavorings and chemicals, many of which are toxic. Nicotine, the addictive chemical found in ordinary cigarettes and other tobacco products, is commonly present in the liquid. The mist is inhaled into the lungs by users. This mist is also inhalable by others around. E-cigarettes are not safe for children, adolescents, pregnant women, or individuals who do not use tobacco products.
Quitting cigarettes, regardless of how long you have used it, can lessen your risk of cancer and other chronic diseases. Many smokers grow hooked to nicotine, a chemical contained naturally in tobacco. This can make quitting cigarettes difficult. Most smokers attempt to stop multiple times before finally succeeding. There are tried-and-true methods for quitting smoking.